Ivory Coast. A Home For Street Children

The streets of Abidjan, the largest city of Ivory Coast, are home to around 30,000 boys and girls. The De La Salle Christian Brothers are committed to providing them with a home and dignity.

The Akwaba Home in Abidjan, which is run by the De La Salle Brothers, hosts and assists boys and girls, between ages 8 and 15, who lived on the streets. Some of them arrived at the centre spontaneously, some others were taken there by the police or other authorities. There are an estimated 30.000 children living on the streets of Abidjan.

The word akwaba means ‘welcome’ in the language of the Baoulé people. This word is basically a declaration of intentions. The Akwaba Home, in fact, intends to provide home, healthy food, medical care, sport, education to the children who arrive there from the streets. The people of the Akwaba Home want to give dignity to the children at the centre who, among other things, are first of all taught to take care of themselves with a particular emphasis on personal hygiene and proper clothing. They also learn to tend to the garden and the house.

The final goal of the Akwaba Home is returning those children to their families. During their stay at the centre, the children are provided with everything a child may need, from food to education.

“When a child arrives at the Akwaba Home – says  Josep Enric Seat, director of the centre – we provide him with care, assistance and dignity. We, first of all, assist him with maintaining good personal hygiene, we give him food, clothes and we help him to integrate with the other children at the centre. Soon after this first phase is completed, we try to get to know the circumstances that made the child end up on the street. We also try to get the necessary data in order to locate his family. 

Once the family is found, the staff of the centre starts to have an explorative dialogue with the child’s relatives in order to understand if the child can return to live with them. This process is seldom smooth. Sometimes children themselves make our researches difficult, by giving misleading information, or by jeopardizing the meeting with their family. On the other hand, the families’ attitudes are often unclear, and our approach is often viewed with suspicion. It may also happen that the child’s family is not found. In this case we consider the possibility of placing the child in a foster family”. 

Education is one of the priorities at the Akwaba Home. There is a ‘basic school’ at the centre, where pupils learn the basic elements of education. Classes are attended by both the children hosted at the Akwaba Home, and other students with learning difficulties from other schools in the city. The older boys and girls have the chance to become apprentices in sewing, carpentry and plumbing factories as well as in automobile repair shops.

The Akwaba Home staff is also committed to elaborating a project of life for each child. This task is accomplished with the support of experts and by listening to the boys and girls’ requests. Another task of the people working at this centre is looking for street children in order to get them off the street, but this is not an easy task. In fact, children who live on the streets easily get used to drinking, smoking and taking drugs and though they are aware that they should quit these bad habits at the centre,  this is not easy for them to do.

Street children’s main concern is providing themselves with food, so they beg, or transport goods to shops and markets, carrying heavy loads in order to earn a few coins. Life on the streets is marked by violence and by sexual abuses with devastating consequences for the children. Violence and drug abuse are often interconnected, since the consumption of more or less sophisticated drugs causes serious behaviour disorders, such as permanent aggressiveness, which leads to the fights among street gangs or to attacks against any person who happens to be thereabouts.

 “Our attempts to meet and talk to street children are aimed at helping them in their daily difficulties, listening to their problems, and taking care of them if they are not in good health conditions. When we realise that a child is sick, we take him to the hospital. And, of course, once we have gained the trust of the children we have met, we try to convince them to leave the streets and join the other children at the Akwaba  Home or at other similar centres -, says Josep Enric Seat. The Akwaba Home  has turned out to be an active link of this extensive chain of solidarity that supports the minors of Abidjan, who live on the margin of society. We offer them the chance to reintegrate into their communities and be protagonists of their own development. We try to help them to overcome those difficulties that led to their marginalization, and to lead the life every child deserves”.